Jewelry is one of the greatest art form that commands nature and extract beauty from it, which man has created for centuries. Historians tells us that diamonds were probably worn in India, about 2,000 years ago, as a symbol of having the highest power and rarest achievements. Today, diamond jewelry, as it has been through history, is closely linked to outstanding moments in anyone’s life, such engagement, wedding, and anniversary.
In Roman times. Engagement rings were known as betrothal rings, made of gold, which were placed on the fourth finger of the left hand, which was believed to have a direct connection between that finger and the heart, but in the 1400s, the gold betrothal ring was replaced by a diamond ring when Austrian prince Maximilian gave one to French princess Mary of Burgundy, as a symbol of his love. Today, the popular choice as an engagement ring is the diamond solitaire, which symbolizes the expression of love of a lifetime, and which is designed as a band of precious metal set with a single sparkling diamond at the center; although, other designs feature smaller accent diamonds, called side diamonds, to dramatize the larger center diamond gem.
A wedding symbolizes the union of two lives and the exchange of rings is an important point of the ceremony, such that the symbolism of lasting love is best expressed in terms of a diamond wedding ring.
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When two people mark their marriage milestone with a celebration, this is known as wedding anniversary and which is celebrated by giving a diamond jewelry to the wife as anniversaries reach its silver or golden year, of which it is best expressed as a diamond anniversary band, for both husband and wife, but otherwise, the more popular is the diamond anniversary necklace or the earring and pendant designs.
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Diamond rings are categorized according to their settings – individual diamonds and groups of diamonds, in which the individual diamond settings are classified into prong setting, tube setting, gypsy setting, tension setting, illusion setting; while the group settings comprise the cluster setting, bead setting, channel setting, bar setting, pave setting, and invisible setting.
The main features of the individual diamond settings are the following: prong setting is designed with a slender metal claws holding a single diamond, raising it at a certain height to accentuate the diamond and allow light to strike it from all directions; tube setting, also called Bezel or box setting, has a metal collar or rim that wraps around the diamond and slightly over the edge; gypsy setting has a metal rim, which holds the diamond, is formed from the body of the jewelry; tension setting, wherein the opposite ends of a circular jewelry form, like a ring, and holding the diamond gem by the force of tension alone; illusion setting or miracle top is made of tiny prongs or metal beads that hold the diamond that is surrounded by a bright, white metal rim, wherein the reflective framing makes the diamond appear larger.
The main features of the types of settings under group diamonds are: cluster setting has a number of diamonds set in prongs and closely designed together in a symmetrical pattern; bead setting is where the diamonds are fitted into a recessed seat that is drilled and formed in the metal; channel setting features rows of small diamonds set side-by-side between parallel ridges of metal; bar setting has the diamonds held in place by short metal ridges or bars; invisible setting has small square diamonds in princess cut that is set side-by-side into a wire-like framework.