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The Evolution of Doors and Windows

Doors and windows have come a long way since their original use for ventilation, security and warmth. From tiny medieval leaded casement windows to bifold doors, rough hewn pieces of wood and stone to oversized pivot doors, the evolution of these essential building components is a long fascinating history.

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From Olive Wood to Composite

From slabs of the wood, the humble door evolved fairly rapidly into an exhibition of the craftsman’s art. As far back as Greek and Roman times doors were being hung with beautifully fashioned hinges, which soon became as important as the doors themselves.

Olive wood was a popular choice for its beauty and durability – it was used for the doors of the temple of Solomon. In India, stone doors were preferred both for security and for insulation. They were also some of the earliest examples of the pivoting doors that are such a design feature today. Modern doors can be made of virtually anything, and modern composites that are low-maintenance and long-lasting are particularly popular.

The Eyes of the Home

Windows have always been seen as the most expressive features in a property’s facade. Historically, they’ve evolved in size as a mark of the status of the homeowner and the availability of high-quality glass. Window styles evolved too, from leaded panes to large and open expanses of glass as manufacturing techniques developed.

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Timber reigned supreme as the preferred material for window frames until the early 20th century. Steel and then aluminium became materials of choice because they didn’t rot or need repainting – aluminium has enjoyed a modern resurgence thanks to the ultra-slimline frames that can be created, giving a weightless look.

The Modern Era

The way we live now has also influenced door and window design. If you’re looking for double glazing in Gloucester, for example, a company like firmfix will offer energy-efficient glass and a huge range of different frame materials, so you can create a bespoke aesthetic for your property that also respects the environment.

Retro favourites are also seeing a resurgence. Pocket doors that slide neatly away into the wall cavity are now popular for their sleek and space-saving aesthetic, but they’ve been around since Victorian times. And modern front doors continue to mimic the style and elegance of the Georgian front doors of Dublin.