Earthquake resistant housing construction

Indonesia is located on the southwestern edge of the Pacific Ring of Fire. This resulted in high volcanic activity and the risk of earthquakes. When starting to decide to buy or build a house, it is necessary to consider the resilience of the house against natural disasters, especially earthquakes in accordance with the Law Building N0. 28/2002. The earthquake that followed by the tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004 and the earthquake in Jogjakarta in 2006 showed that earthquake-resistant construction is indispensable in Indonesia. Earthquake-resistant buildings are resistant to small earthquakes, suffering only minor damage to medium-large earthquakes. Even if the building is severely damaged by the earthquake, the building will not stand to collapse on its inhabitants.

The earthquake-resistant building locks are in sturdy construction and use lightweight materials. Foundation, column, and roof horses should be built with strong construction. All components of the house must also blend perfectly. Roofs and walls should use lightweight materials. When shaken by the earthquake, the momentum of light materials while swinging is not so great. Heavy objects swung hard when shaken by an earthquake, high risk for falling or collapsing.

 

Building earthquake resistant homes starts with a solid foundation. Constant rock foundations must be on stable ground and dug until it reaches hard ground. If the soil is soft, it should be hardened and stabilized first. Each elbow should also be exactly 90 degree angle. The foundation must be fused with columns and on the foundation there must be a sloop that tightly binds the columns. Sloop should also be given an armature with a foundation at any distance of 0.5 meters so that both are tightly bound.

The walls of the house should be made of lightweight bricks or wooden planks. This wall should be put together with the column using the armature. To withstand horizontal movement during an earthquake, cross links are required to make the walls more rigid and sturdy. Wide openings such as doors and windows should be lintel beams that are usually installed on the upper frame. Without this, windows can be thrown from the wall when rocked by a powerful earthquake.

The column is required for every 12 m2 area on the wall, its function is like a house pole. All columns must be firmly embedded into the foundation and there are beams that bind all the columns. If the column is under the horses, the oblique legs of the roof horses must merge with the column underneath to strengthen the roof.

Lightweight roofs are more resistant to earthquake shocks, so the roof of zinc or shingle is better than precarious. Roof is able to withstand the heat of the sun, but the ceramic tile is heavier than other types of roof. The wood is light enough for the roof frame, but the horses and roof frames made of aluminum other than light are also free from termite attack. The horses also have to fuse closely with other horses using lintel sticks.

Earthquake resistant buildings must follow the standard in the building, from stirring cement dough, setting up columns, and others. All must be standard. All components must be closely tied to one another, both structural and non-structural components. When building or buying a house, it is necessary to consider the building’s resistance to the earthquake. Make sure the developers who build our homes follow the standards that exist, given that almost all of Indonesia is vulnerable to earthquake risk. If you are going to buy a finished house, check first whether the house is built in accordance with the condition of Indonesia is prone to earthquakes.…

Tips to Build Your Own House sparingly

Currently already developed many housing ready for habitation. However, not a few people who want to wake up alone. The reasons are diverse, because the reason they use is because they can design their own house that suits their needs and wants.

However, building your own home is a simple and inexpensive thing. Not to mention the basic needs that must always be full with the price is always rising. There are still many who are trapped, where you want more efficient to build the cost of building your own home is much larger than the available funds. Not only the cost, build your own home also takes a long time. So, inevitably it must be patient to be able to recover the dream house.

The desire to build their own homes is often faced with funding problems. It must be admitted that the construction of houses requires substantial funds. However, that does not mean that a good house should always be expensive. If you know the tips, build a good quality house with low cost can be realized. Here are 8 ways to build your own home at a low cost.

  1. Create a Home Development Planning

As a first step, plan your home construction, from funding, building size, to development time targets. This plan will serve as a controller of possible deviations during the development process takes place. If the implementation of the construction of the house deviated from the plan, will certainly impact on the costs to be incurred. For example, the development time will definitely increase the cost of the builders. Therefore, choose a professional builder or contractor who is really expert in the field, so that they can do the construction of the house in accordance with what has been planned.

  1. Use a Minimalist Design

Houses with a minimalist type of design is currently a trend both for the development of public housing and the construction of their own homes. The design of this house is considered more efficient in the use of building materials but still seem modern and luxurious. In accordance with the minimalist design, this type of space-saving house so that not spend a lot of building materials. To get a minimalist home design type, you do not need to spend to hire the services of an architect, but can browse on the internet so you can get the desired home design for free.

  1. Determine the Building Form

The shape of the building affects the difficulty level of development and the needs of building materials. Square or rectangular houses tend to be more easily constructed and more cost-effective than triangular or other angled houses. Generally, to form multiple corners or curves will leave a lot of unused building materials. In addition, the degree of difficulty in angled or curved buildings is also higher so that the risk on the form of a less than perfect building. The need for reforms of course requires more time and cost.

  1. Perform Price Research of Building Materials

The higher the price of building materials becomes one of the factors that must be considered carefully. Not a few people who delay the construction of his house because the price of building materials are not friendly bag. Well, for the needs of funds for building materials can be estimated, then do research about the price. No need to even embarrassed to get in and out of the building stores to ask the price of materials needed, ranging from cement, sand, bricks, iron, and so forth. The importance of comparing these prices because in every store does not always sell for the same price. Thus, you can choose quality building materials at a cheaper price.

  1. Selective Selecting the Interpreter

Building your own home does not mean you are also the builder of the house, but it takes the services of a building interpreter or builder as the executor of development. They are the ones who will mix all the building materials and present the end result of good quality house building. Given the important role of this artisan, it is no wonder that the cost of paying for his services takes up a considerable portion of the budget prepared. Therefore, you must be selective in choosing a handyman. Choose a handyman who is truly an expert in his field and has a good working reputation. This is important because whether or not the performance of the artisans will affect the efficiency of the home construction process.

  1. Start Building gradually

To build your own house, basically you do not have to wait until the fund is sufficient for the whole part of the development. You can start gradually. Starting from the foundation building, the construction of the building, to the installation of the roof is done and adjusted to the …

Case Study: My Experience With Furnishings

Great Ideas on Interior Decor for Your House

Owning a home and decorating it to your satisfaction is everybody’s dream. A person feels very comfortable when they own a house that is beautiful and unique to their taste. It is, therefore, possible to bring out your personality and interests when decorating your house.While it is possible to do your own d?cor, it is also important to involve the services of a professional, to guide you through the process. This is what you should know when decorating your house.

To start with, it is important to have an idea of how you want your house to look like. When you know what you require, these ideas can be solely from you. There are some great ideas you can think of and fit perfectly. However, magazines and websites can give more ideas on interior d?cor. You can also visit a company that deals with interior d?cor to view their catalogs.

It is important to involve an expert in interior d?cor, once you established what you want. The experts will advise you on floors, painting, wall patterns and furnishing the house.An expert will help a house owner to make their dream come true by illustrating how every detail should be fixed. By doing this, you will be able to discuss and agree on the theme and the main colors to use in the house.

When it comes to colors, neutral colors are recommended. To avoid changing colors every season, it is wise to go for neutral colors. Be keen to consider the color combination for each room. For every room nowadays, people always paint with a different color. The house becomes more beautiful and unique because of the different colors.Wall hangings are a beautiful addition to the house. This can be in form of nature photography, artwork prints and paintings. By doing this, visitors will be excited by your walls.

On top of this, decorate the floors also. To create a beautiful pattern, vinyl tiles can be arranged in alternate colors usually black and white. Other great materials for decorating your floor are ceramic tiles and marble.For furnishings, it is advisable to look for quality fabrics for your pillows and cushions. Consider learning their maintenance requirements before purchasing them. A fabric that is easy to clean is ideal but it should be of good quality too.

A home office should be simple and not costly at all. This can be achieved by taking furniture that you do not use often and put them in the room. Any piece of furniture that is in good condition such as chairs, desks, and cabinets can be used in the home office.…

Finding Ways To Keep Up With Repairs

CHOOSING THE RIGHT PLUMBING SERVICES.

Plumbing services often occurs when one is not expecting. When one may need to have the right plumbing services, they need to follow the right tips. The best way in which a person can do this is by checking online searches. It helps a lot for this is one of the ways people save their money, time and also on the services. This also helps a big deal when a person wants to do the comparison between the various plumbing services. Many people prefer this since it’s an easier way to do this and it’s also very quick. The first thing that one should check is on how the different services respond to the emergencies when they are called. People should always ensure that the companies come with quick response when called along. Visiting the company’s website is also advisable since one will get to learn more about it. This is how one gets the access of a particular plumbing company that they may want. it’s also advisable that one chooses a company with the plumbing emergencies Sydney. This is because some of the companies ensure they provide their services at very reasonable prices.

Some of the companies needs one to pay extra services. Some of the services do not offer assistance as expected since some of them do not even turn up at the moment they are called. Some of the companies even have computerized machines whereby they ask you to leave them a message. This is the reason why most of the people do not need them since when they are called on an emergency, they do not respond. When one is looking for a plumbing company, they should ensure that it is licensed. The quality of the services is also enhanced too. When one wants to deal with plumbing emergencies, it requires them to have good knowledge and skills too. A licensed plumber always makes sure that they have had enough experience and they always have their right equipment too.

One should always look for a professional plumber since they have the training and the skills required to carry out the tasks effectively. When one hires a professional plumber they also benefit in some ways. Looking at the services of the other customers is also great. This helps a lot since it gives one experience with the service provider. One gets to interact with the company as they learn more of their referrals.…

Choosing the Right Feed Manufacturers

Making any decisions about animal welfare can be challenging. Choosing the right feed manufacturers can impact more than just farm animal welfare, though. It can also help the farmers get a better return on their investments. There are a few different types of factors to consider when looking into animal feed products, so before making a final decision, read on to find out more.

Field Tested

Not all companies field test their products. A manufacturer that does will be able to provide more information about the quality of their products. Look for trials that last long enough to yield relevant information about long-term effectiveness, not just safety trials that confirm the feed or supplement is safe for consumption.

Encouraging Weight Gain

It may seem counter-intuitive to think that a farmer’s investment return will be greater with increased monetary input, but spending the extra money to purchase higher-quality feed can make a big difference both in terms of animal health and weight gain. Animals that weigh more are worth more. Feed that encourages healthy weight gain is thus a better investment than a product that does not.

Guaranteed Protein Analysis

Look for guarantees in regards to protein content. More protein means healthier, and larger, animals. Both of these factors contribute to higher investment returns. Unfortunately, not all manufacturers offer a guaranteed analysis. It’s best to contract animal feed from one that does.

Death Losses

The average death loss for most farm animal populations is about eight percent. Providing higher quality feed can lower the percentage of animals lost to illness substantially. Money spent on feed for the eight percent of animals that die prior to attaining finished weight is money tossed down the drain, while an investment in a high-quality feed that can help reduce death losses is a great investment.

Supplements and More

Choosing a manufacturer of animal feed that can also provide some necessary supplements can take a little bit of extra stress off of those responsible for animal care. Some companies even go one step further and offer things like natural composting aids and other inputs that can help farmers increase both self-sufficiency and efficiency.…

Overwhelmed by the Complexity of Doors? This May Help

What Can You Benefit When You Find the Best Source of Replacement Kitchen and Wardrobe Doors? One whose kitchen or wardrobe door has been broken or damaged in some other way might certainly feel a great deal of worry about this situation. One might feel worried, thinking that he or she might have to spend money for a whole new wardrobe if a replacement door cannot be found. The good news is that these people do not have to worry any longer when they are able to find a good source of replacement kitchen and wardrobe doors. When people are able to find the best source of kitchen and wardrobe doors, then, they can be sure that through this source, they can gain a lot of wonderful benefits. Finding the best source of replacement kitchen and wardrobe doors is certainly something that will please you in many ways, one of which is the fact that when you do so, you can be sure that the door will be custom-made to fit your needs. This is because a company like this will make made-to-measure doors, with specific measurements to fit one’s broken door. One who is looking for a way to find the perfect door that will match the one that has been damaged, then, will be happy when he or she is able to find a source like this. Finding the best source of kitchen and wardrobe replacement doors is also something that will benefit you because when you do so, you can be sure that the quality of these doors will be excellent. One whose doors have been damaged might not want to experience something like this for a long time to come, as it can give him or her extra hassle in an already very hectic lifestyle. It is good to know, then, that when the best source of replacement kitchen and wardrobe doors is found, the doors will last for a long time, preventing this problem.
Lessons Learned About Doors
Finding the best source of kitchen and wardrobe doors is also something that you should do because when you do so, you can be sure that you can opt to have the doors made in a unique way. People can improve their wardrobes and kitchen cabinets by having special doors put in, and this will certainly improve their homes.
Learning The “Secrets” of Replacements
When all has been said, then, people who are able to find the best source of replacement kitchen and wardrobe doors will be able to gain a lot of wonderful benefits.…

Options – Getting Started & Next Steps

Find Out About Some Of The Coolest You Can Follow When It Comes To High End Fashion If you are the type of person who always consider the presence of a unique piece of apparel in your look, then for sure, you would also want to look for a fashion piece that will help you achieve the kind of look you want. If there is one thing that you need to know about high fashion, apart from its definition, it would be the fact that the said term is most commonly understood, most especially those who have first heard it. Speaking about common misconception and misunderstanding when it comes to high end fashion, we can say that one very fitting example would be how many of us perceive it as some sort of fashion that should be associated with modern pieces that are costly which comes from famous top designers. However, that really is not the case at all when it comes to high fashion as you can always choose to whether go high fashion by means of shifting from your initial look and style to a more vintage couture pieces and mind you, there are now so many vintage stores out there that are selling vintage pieces that are second hand or you can also look for fashion pieces that are already ready to wear. One good thing that comes from stores offering ready to wear clothing and accessories and vintage couture shops, aside from helping you achieve the kind of look you want to rock, is that is also allows you to save as much money as you can while still getting the kind of look you want. When it come to you achieving the kind of look that you want to have, you should know that there are lots of tricks that you can use for this such as accessorizing yourself with ready to wear pieces or even a mass market piece together with accessories that are designers made. On the other hand, if you want to add a little bit more of attitude to the unique apparel you are wearing or you have in your closet, you can considering adding a funky fashion pieces. There is no need for you to look no more as this kind of fashion pieces as being sold at any retail stores in the form of mass market pieces or if you do not want to risk yourself into wearing something that someone has already worn, then you can search for fashion pieces that are sold at specialty stores or vintage boutiques. One thing that you need to know about funky fashion is that they typically incorporates design patterns that are innovative, creative, as well as humorous to the pieces that already have an edge.

The Beginners Guide To Clothing (Chapter 1)

Options – Getting Started & Next Steps

The Key Elements of Great Businesses

The Best Way to Buy a Used Volvo

Depending on your likes, dislikes and personality, finding a new car is an adventure or a chore. Nevertheless, anyone prefers going the process time to time.Nevertheless, you could be searching the car because yours is being worn out and old or may be your car is not operating at all.In addition, some people change their car to a new one for a lifestyle change. Therefore, your worry will be how to go about getting the right car to purchase. Various options are currently available for you to consider when in need of buying a car.

One of the thing that you get people thinking to do when in need of buying used Volvo is to ensure going to dealership of Volvo and check what they have stocked.This is very beneficial since when the dealership has the best car that you would like, and then you have the room for negotiation toward the price, and if agreed you drive away the car.

To get the Volvo car on sale, you can choose to look at the classified newspaper ads. Additionally, from many people selling their own car, you can get better selection. The functioning of the car will give you no guarantee to accept that it has everything right. The problem with the car will be fixed by the dealers, and again you will get chance of checking over the car. Therefore, if you require the age of the car and the mirage you will be given.
A Simple Plan: Cars

The online search is the best to use since you will get a better search engine to help you get the used Volvo. The importance of internet website is to assist you with the best site that deals with used cars. However, the only thing you require to do is to check the model, detail of the car, make type through the website list.
Learning The “Secrets” of Businesses

It is important to consider the different website for the owner and dealers of the cars.Therefore, when you see the best car, you can plan to visit the dealer to see the car for yourself. You can also decide to choose the best reputable model in the dealership.

It is vital to consider the best model which does not have complaints or recalls to the manufacturer. Always ensure you acquire a Volvo having the best condition. It is vital therefore to check the Volvo maintenance record to have guarantee of the care and the test emissions and safety requirement pass.

The outside mechanic with no relationship can help you a lot to verify the car condition before engaging in negotiating one.At the same time, he can assist you to verify the car history of the past.…

Case Study: My Experience With Businesses

How To Locate a Good Volvo Dealer Today

Volvo manufacturers specialize in trucks, construction items, buses and personal vehicles. Many nations around the world use Volvo products because they have skills in manufacturing vehicles. Volvo manufacturers also engage in other services like industrial drive systems and marine systems. It is among the companies that produce the second largest heavy-duty trucks mostly used in constructions or transport fields. However, the company manufactures very luxurious cars which can be used for personal transit.

You may have a Volvo car and your largest question is where to get the best repair service from?. During production, Volvo make sure it produces the best models and user friendly too. If the car owner follows the rules of the manufacturer to the end, there will be minimal repairs and will the user will resave the cost of repair.

There are Volvo road side assistance which gives reliable and secure assistance. Some of the roadside assistance firms are given financial assistance by the manufacturer while others are licensed to them. They cover most of the emergencies that you may be having with your vehicle. The firms are committed to their customers need and work towards satisfying their needs. The main reason for the road side business is to make Volvo the best product ever and maintain its quality.
Finding Similarities Between Cars and Life

Most of the repair stations are also the sellers of the products. The firms have qualified and licensed technicians that will take good care of Volvo products. The firms deal with both simple and huge problems found with your car. In these dealers outlets, feel free to inquire anything concerning your car.
What Research About Cars Can Teach You

Volvo Roadside assistance firms have created their websites where they post their information in case a customer needs them. Online services help in directing the customers to where they are located and charting with them. You can fill the online form given and then submit it for the answers. The firm will have to visit the question and answer them and submit them back to you. On the website, you may find the business offers a different form of contacts for reaching out to them. These firms may post various contacts to reach them, so it is you to choose the best means.

Locating the best firm can be directed from a family member or a friend. They can be the best sources as they can direct you with minimal difficulties. You can also be directed by the manufacturers about their dealers who are qualified and have their licenses.…